Silesia is a region in the southern part of Poland. As a border area, both literally (it borders with the Czech Republic) and metaphorically, it is intermingled by the influences of many cultures and traditions, creating a unique Silesian culture, which native inhabitants are extremely proud of. Silesia is a cultural melting pot in the heart of Europe, where the traditions of Polish, German, Czech and Jewish nationalities coexisted and intertwined for many centuries, creating a unique character of the Silesian “small homelands” social landscape. It is an area rich in many natural resources, for generations associated primarily with industry, and famous for its rich mineral deposits (especially hard coal).
However, recent years have been a period of dynamic changes of the area, transforming before our eyes into a region that is focused on the environment and protection, its greatest capital: the natural beauty of the landscape, thanks to use of modern infrastructure as well as the influence of creative and talented people.
This once industrial area is currently undergoing a period of intense green transformation towards sustainable development, focused on the needs of residents and care for the natural environment. It is development inspired by nature, drawing on the richness of tradition, based on high-quality knowledge and innovative, state-of-the-art solutions.
Silesia is a place abundant in natural beauty and stunning nature, a region proud of its tradition and cultural heritage. It is a place where you can experience the beauty of nature and meet creative and fascinating people. A perfect place for running and developing a business. It changes for you, but can also change thanks to you. A country full of opportunities and a country of opportunities that are worth taking advantage of.
Features of Silesia
Intensive extraction of raw materials and industrial development lasting hundreds of years could not but leave their mark on the environment; and therefore restoring ecological balance is a priority. Numerous measures are implemented for this purpose; Silesia is the national leader in the implementation of air protection and low-emission programs; post-industrial areas are also being gradually developed, their recreational value is being restored, which significantly increases the value of the region from a tourism perspective. This feature is all the greater as Silesia is extremely rich in landscape valors, unique at the national and European level, and has a huge potential for the development of tourism. The showpieces of the region are, among others, the Monastery Complex of the Pauline Fathers on Jasna Góra in Częstochowa, the Beskids and the Industrial Monuments Route – the only regional industrial tourism route in Poland which includes, for example, the historic Silver Mine in Tarnowskie Góry, distinguished by UNESCO.
Tradition and Culture
Silesia cares about tradition, nurtures the rich past of the region (as evidenced by numerous folklore festivals, a rich concert and theater offering or the Industrial Monuments Route); it preserves its customs, while investing in the future, as evidenced, for example, by the revitalization of industrial facilities, such as mines, which currently serve the development of culture and the promotion of the region.
UNESCO drew attention to Silesia in 2015, when Katowice was awarded the prestigious title of a Creative City in the area of music. Katowice received the title for the intensity and variety of musical potential by organizing numerous festival events (including Tauron Nowa Muzyka, Rawa Blues Festival) and thanks to the dynamic activity of the Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra and the work of artists who are part of the history of the city – composers Henryk Mikołaj Górecki and Wojciech Kilar.
Films about the Silesia
Henryk Mikołaj Górecki
Jan Jakub Kolski